Hybrid Bills

A Hybrid Bill is a Public Bill which adversely affects the private interests of a person or a body in a way that is different to the interests of other people or bodies in the same category or class. Hybrid Bills can seek to authorise the construction or alteration of works or to authorise the compulsory acquisition or use of any land or buildings.

The only Hybrid Bill so far considered was to authorise the building of a new crossing for the River Forth by the Scottish Government and affected people and bodies near the proposed crossing in different ways.

Hybrid Bills are subject to a three-Stage parliamentary process during which some MSPs take part as members of committees and all MSPs can take part in proceedings in the Debating Chamber. A Hybrid Bill Committee of between three and five MSPs is established to consider each Hybrid Bill.

  • Stage 1: Committee consideration of the general principles of the Bill and whether the Bill should proceed as a Hybrid Bill and preliminary consideration of objections; debate in the chamber on general principles and whether the Bill should proceed.
  • Stage 2: Committee consideration of the details of the Bill, including consideration of all remaining objections and of amendments.
  • Stage 3: consideration in the Chamber of amendments to the Bill and a decision whether to pass or reject it.

Hybrid Bills are different to other Public Bills in that they involve measures which affect the private interests of individuals or bodies, and to which those affected may object. The role of the Hybrid Bill Committee  is to consider the Bill and to arbitrate between the Scottish Government and objectors. Objectors that participate in the process are given ongoing procedural guidance and assistance by the clerks in the Non-Government Bills Unit.

The procedures for Hybrid Bills are set out in Chapter 9C of the Standing Orders of the Parliament. Further information about the Hybrid Bill process can be obtained from the Guidance on Hybrid Bills or by contacting the Non-Government Bills Unit on 0131 348 6124.

The following leaflet provides information for those wishing to object to a hybrid bill:


Current Hybrid Bill Committees

  • There are currently no Hybrid Bills in progress and no Hybrid Bill Committees have been established.

Session 3 Hybrid Bill Committee

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